2022.12.13 02:27 fganniversaries Fighting Game Anniversaries: Week 49 (December 12 - December 18)
2022.12.13 02:27 fganniversaries Fighting Game Anniversaries: Week 49 (December 12 - December 18)
2022.12.13 02:26 fganniversaries Fighting Game Anniversaries: Week 49 (December 12 - December 18)
2022.11.16 00:17 fganniversaries Fighting Game Anniversaries: Week 45 (November 14 - November 20)
2022.11.16 00:17 fganniversaries Fighting Game Anniversaries: Week 45 (November 14 - November 20) + November 7 - November 13
2022.01.08 23:21 Shark2H20 Connection between violence, oppression and exploitation to animal domestication in Latin America in the 20th Century Part 2
from Animal Oppression and Human Violence: Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict by David A Nibert[***note: domesecration = domestication]
Ranchers who were having difficulties evicting peasants were able to convince the national security forces that there were communist threats in these areas. The national security forces were able to convince Washington of the same, so the areas of strongest peasant resistance were declared counterinsurgency zones. Local cattle ranchers in this way got free eviction forces, armed and trained at U.S. taxpayer expense. The strategic roads that were built into the trouble areas further enhanced their viability as cattle zones. When peasants fled the gunfire and napalm, the lands they left were turned into cattle ranches. And officers in the national security forces became cattle barons as they shared the booty of war with local ranch- ers, local officials, and peasant collaborators. [Export Agriculture and the Crisis in Central America]Ranchers and other landowners in Latin America—with the help of the police and paramilitary groups—forced or frightened many into leaving the land. Many facing displacement in Latin America “did not accept slow death through starvation as inevitable but struggled against the ranchers at every step of the way.” For example, the journalists Sue Branford and Oriel Glock note that, while some people faced with displacement in Brazil succumbed to violence and intimidation, others contested such treatment.
Many of the families, brought up in the isolated and perhaps sur- prisingly peaceful serta (hinterland), have been traumatized by the repression they have received from the landowners and the police and have been frightened into leaving. Other families . . . have decided to stand up to the landowners and fight for their plots, even if this means facing up to repression on a daily basis.[The Last Frontier: Fighting Over Land in the Amazon]In addition to such violent conflict, the overall effects of U.S. and Latin American government support of expanding “beef” production have been devastating. In the 1960s, exports of “beef,” or “red gold,” became a leading source of foreign exchange, and ranchers continued to seek to expand land holdings. Ownership of land became increasingly concentrated among wealthy ranching families. Much of the new land taken for ranching was expropriated from small farming families, including indigenous communities, who eventually tried to organize to resist violence by ranchers and the military that supported them. The forced evictions of subsistence cultivators created growing levels of rural land-lessness and large populations of unemployed. While many migrated to urban areas, others moved into rainforests to try to develop land for their crops. The growing problem of displacement of farm families was compounded by the practice of ranchers of buying up land once used to produce cotton, coffee, and other labor-intensive cash crops. Labor requirements for ranching were small compared to other productive activities, and the increasing numbers of unemployed served to suppress wages for the remaining jobs in both rural and urban areas. Thus, the effect of U.S.-promoted ranching operations in Central America beginning in the early 1960s “was to provoke a rural tidal wave,” and ranching and “beef” production “became the basis for the region’s wholly unsustainable form of development.”
The ranchers of eastern Matagalpa must have been pleased with the designation of the area as a counterinsurgency zone. The roads and bridges built for strategic purposes could support cattle trucks as well as tanks, and the guard units could be relied on to remove the intransigent “rebel sympathizers” from the areas that had been cleared for corn. Furthermore, the local ranchers did not have to pay for the services rendered. Both the roads and the expense of the eviction force were financed by the Nicaraguan government, with a portion of the tab paid for by U.S. taxpayers..
Local magistrates, guard officers, and peasant informants for the guard also appreciated the designation of the area as a counterinsurgency zone, for at last they had an opportunity to become land-owners and ranchers themselves. The land was quickly vacated of corn producers as the “Communist guerrilla sympathizers” were rounded up, tortured and shot. Many voluntarily fled the area to avoid reprisals at the hands of the guard. [Export Agriculture and the Crisis in Central America]Between 1960 and 1979, the production of cows for food in Nicaragua increased by 300 percent, and cow flesh for export by 550 percent; Nicaragua became the region’s leading “beef” supplier to the United States. By the time of the Sandinista Revolution (named after the 1920s-era revolutionary Augusto Cesar Sandino) in 1979, the ruling Somoza family owned six “beef”-importing facilities in Miami and slaughterhouses in Nicaragua. One of the Sandinista government’s first actions was to initiate land reform; ten thousand square kilometers were redistributed to landless, subsistence-farming families in the form of cooperatives. Mean- while, the Reagan administration began illegally funding a military force to destabilize and undermine the new government. The CIA hired mercenaries (the contras) to wage a campaign of murder and mayhem on the people of Nicaragua and embarked on a program of national destabilization to undermine the Sandinistas—a program that left 45,000 people dead or wounded. A U.S.-friendly leader resumed control in 1990.
The major, immediate threat to the existence of this government is the right-wing violence. In the city of San Salvador, the hired thugs of the extreme right, some of them well-trained Cuban and Nicaraguan terrorists, kill moderate-left leaders and blow up government buildings. In the countryside, elements of the security forces torture and kill the campesinos, shoot up their houses and burn their crops. At least two hundred refugees, from the countryside, arrive daily in the capital city. This campaign of terror is radicalizing the rural ar- eas, just as surely as Somoza’s National Guard did in Nicaragua. Unfortunately, the command structure of the army and the security forces either tolerates or encourages this activity. These senior officers believe, or pretend to believe, that they are eliminating the guerillas. [Preliminary Assessment of the Situation in El Salvador,” classified memo prepared for the U.S. State Department (March 19, 1980)When Ronald Reagan took office in 1981, White was replaced by a new U.S. ambassador to El Salvador. With U.S. support of the landed oligarchy and military, the civil war raged in El Salvador for twelve years, resulting in some 75,000 deaths.
By the end of the 70s, the entire country was engulfed in a reign of state terrorism that continued into the present decade [the 1990s]. According to the British Parliamentary Group on Human Rights, the death toll after military rule has climbed to over 100,000 killed and 38 thousand disappeared; another million were internal refugees. . . . Although all sectors of the society have suffered from the terror, the majority of the victims have been peasants. [Brockett, Land, Power, and Poverty]It eventually was estimated that Guatemalan security forces largely were responsible for the killing of 160,000 people and the disappearance of another forty thousand. Meanwhile, net “beef” exports from Guatemala increased nearly twentyfold in twenty years, from 1,420 tons in 1960 to 24,950 tons in 1980.
The landowners say we are holding back progress and harming the country’s economy. They say rubber is not important to the econ- omy and the future lies with cattle raising. . . . It is the deforestation carried out by the big landowners to open up pasture for their cattle that is threatening the forest. . . . The landowners use all the land at their disposal. They bribe the authorities. . . . The other tactic landowners use, and it’s a very effective one, is to use hired guns to intimidate us. Our movement’s leaders, not just myself, but quite a few others as well, have been put on the death list of the UDR’s assassination squads.As he foresaw, Chico Mendes was assassinated in 1988 by a member of a Brazilian “cattle” ranchers association. “An Amnesty International report revealed that there were more than a thousand land-related murders in rural Brazil in the 1980s, and fewer than ten convictions.”
Cattle ranchers rarely paid for the transformation of forest to pasture because the immigrant subsistence farmer conducted the first phase of the expansion. . . . Powerful ranchers were the landowners, and authorized subsistence farmers to cut areas of their forests to plant corn, as long as farmers agreed to plant grass among the maize, a plant also in the grass family. After the first year, this area was then used as pasture and was never left fallow again.With increasing demand for “beef” in the United States, investment in ranching in Mexico nearly quadrupled between 1950 and 1960, and by 1970 “almost 70 percent of all agricultural land in the nation was dedicated to livestock.” In the late 1950s, U.S. agribusiness companies pro- moted the use of hybrid sorghum seeds for the production of feed in Mexico, and in the 1960s the Mexican government established price supports for sorghum, encouraging its production over maize and wheat for human consumption.
By the early 1970s, the Nambikwara in this region [of Brazil] seemed to be heading towards rapid extinction. They were left with just a few strips of untouched forest and even became dependent on the cattle ranches for their food. Their number fell rapidly as they succumbed to measles, flu, tuberculosis, pneumonia and malaria, which spread to the area after the forest clearances. They suffered from chronic dysentery because the water they drank was polluted with cattle dung. Their lands were occasionally sprayed with the defoliant Tordon 155, a form of Agent Orange. After visiting the area in 1973, Bo Akerren, a Swedish doctor attached to the international commission of the Red Cross, said: “The condition of these Indians is a disgrace not only for Brazil, but for mankind as a whole.”In 1980, another group of indigenous people in Brazil, the Gorotire, launched an attack in response to an invasion of their land. But, as a local rancher told a U.S. journalist: “The USA solved the problem with its army. They killed a lot of Indians. Today everything is quiet there and the country is respected throughout the world.”
The term which Latin Americans use to characterize the process of livestock expansion—ganaderización—connotes a process of taking over, of total domination. It succinctly expresses the massive changes in land use that occur as livestock and pasture encroach upon areas settled by farmers who till the soil and upon “virgin” forested land. . . . The spread of cattle ranching not only effectuated major changes in land use: it affected the process of capital accumulation as a whole, especially as a principal force in the creation of a relative overabundance of labor, a “relative surplus population.” . . . The impoverishment of the rural masses became the impoverishment of the urban masses, which translated into below-subsistence wage rates for the proletariat.[“From Banana Republic to Cattle Republic: Agrarian Roots of the Crisis in Honduras”]As in other areas of the world, displacement caused by land expropriation and the violent and often ruthless repression of reformers and resistance movements have been particularly hard on the women of Latin America. They disproportionately experience deprivation, brutality, and exploitation and have long faced terrible victimization at the hands of the military and paramilitary groups, including torture and sexual assault. For example, in 1976 women in rural areas of Brazil were tortured in efforts to obtain information on the whereabouts of men resisting displacement:
Sixty-five-year-old Dona Margarid Saa had had needles inserted under her nails and into her arms, breasts and legs. For good measure the fugitive man’s wife, Santana, had also been tortured, though it must have been clear to the policemen, as it was to us when we talked to her a few days later, that she did not know where her husband was. As a gratuitous act of violence, perhaps giving vent to their frustration, the police had burnt down Santana’s house while she was detained. [Branford and Glock, The Last Frontier]Women who must seek employment because of displacement from the land often continue to be victimized, especially in Central American and Caribbean “free-trade zones”—manifestations of the neoliberal-directed global economy. Viewed by multinational corporations and their contractors as docile and possessing manual dexterity, young, childless women are used for unskilled work that pays low wages. The international women’s organization MADRE reports:
For thousands of women, the workplace itself is a site of abuse. In fact, the sector most emblematic of Latin America’s role in the global economy is also the most notorious for the abuse of women. Export manufacturing sweatshops, or maquilas, hire mainly women who are paid less, work longer and are subjected to worse conditions than men. Many of these women are migrants who have left behind social networks that could provide protection from violence. Documented examples of violence against women in maquilas include humiliation, sexual harassment and intimidation, sexual assaults and beatings, strip searches, forced pregnancy tests, termination of pregnant workers and violence against union organizers.Campesinas in rural areas also struggle to provide for their impoverished families by working for agribusinesses in the production of fruits and vegetables. Large fruit companies often prefer women employees because “they are submissive when reproached; they will accept any salary and type of work under whatever conditions.” Philip McMichael observes that supervisors “intimidate women workers through displays of anger or physical force, accompanied by threats of firing.” Tom Barry also notes: “Women help keep down the cost of labor and food through their unpaid work. From an early age they work tirelessly—helping with the farming, tending the dwelling, going to the market, gathering firewood, rearing children, and preparing food. By their thirties, peasant women are often old and worn.”
2021.12.13 17:12 fganniversaries Fighting Game Anniversaries: Week 50 (December 13 - December 19)
2021.12.13 17:12 fganniversaries Fighting Game Anniversaries: Week 50 (December 13 - December 19)
2021.12.13 17:09 fganniversaries Fighting Game Anniversaries: Week 50 (December 13 - December 19)
2021.08.17 16:45 SeaLionFacts When A Branford Biotech Meets A Injured, Rescued Bird-Of-Prey - Patch.com
|submitted by SeaLionFacts to SeaLionFacts [link] [comments]|
2020.09.23 22:13 brinnells CT Pumpkin Beers
2019.10.31 02:57 SheCalledMePaul What's Happening in CT 10/31 - 10/20-11/3
2019.06.13 18:07 justaweenie What’s Going On In CT? 6/13-6/16
2019.02.21 21:04 KingGregree King Gregree - UNFORGETTABLE - Lyrics
From: "EASTER SONDAY [chapter 1] - Released 5/21/11submitted by KingGregree to u/KingGregree [link] [comments]
I aint conceited I motherfuckin believe it And it’s so convenient How anything I choose to have, all of existence bends over backwards to make sure that I motherfuckin receive it and you know what I say every time? I say hellz yeah thanks to my dream team on the other side you’re making this out to be one hell of a breezy ride and I take pride in the fact that it still makes me fuckin shudder with giddiness cause infinity is one generous motherfucker especially when you sing Her Her favorite song which is anything by Gregree I guess that’s why She motherfuckin favors me cause even my sneeze makes Lady Luck instantly cream tween the knees yeah pack that Lady Liberty, that special green THC encrusted heavenly weed I must have a hit or three or better yet times infinity but only one hit sets you free and takes you right to it no need for the pursuit of happiness just pass that grass makes my soul dance and prance like Branford Marsalis solos entranced entwined with Jerry G silvery super strands string Angelic Owl of the Ages forever flapping the ageless wings wrapping my gifted mind with the pages Of the Record Akashic every cranny and nook of the Helping Phriendly Book took its secrets and cemented and plastered and patched it with the Eye of the One no not my mushroom tip you filthy minded bastard buggers nothing I do is all for naught, I’m only naught when you put it after the jugger and if you want to lyrically fight you can say you fought and lost to the motherfuckin slugger yeah I’m Babe Ruthing with my ruthless truth intrusion, bruising your ego my flow is nuts and so sweet I call it baby ruth fly like a moth and you’re just a rocky road sloth and my lyrical muscle makes you little goonies run for the hills you little pussy poonies Now do the truffle shuffle and get to making room for Gregree yeah I’m the truth of divinity, I’m the best MC that’s ever motherfuckin been I’m best that’ll ever be And you could be like me, access your divinity or don’t and just be a little pea in the mental control pod of the hypnotic illuminati I’m illumination, I’m the illest motherfucker from any motherfuckin constellation I’m the best even when I’m procrastinating I’m elated that my triumph is finally here, if you ask me, a bit belated I’m the creator but I was created by the creator who was created by… you wouldn’t understand until you’ve elevated much higher and if you act like the tool, I’ll give your foolish ass the pliers if you defy this relentless lyrical dentist there’s no known defenses for my smooth never brittle drill ill with the diamond tip rhymes that leaves you feelin like your ivories were tickled like Art Tatum played ‘em I’m not playing I got dough mold existence like clay I’m never money-less got a money press and with every billion I get I’m a billion times more blessed I’m never distressed why would I be? I’d have to be out my brain to be scared of the video game I was taught the realest magic delivered telepathically to my brain by an Angel of alien origin Seraphim serenade rapture rhapsody in red Russian lullaby once said “Cats under the stars sends a signal to Mars which refract and plugged it coded treasure trove in to one hundred and sixteen other stars” but what the fuck does that have to do with you and me? But I intercepted the message of the show down of High Noon and how I needed to send my love in the afternoon and spit my rhymes, the vaccine for these times which are not that bad off except for a little cough which is the greedy and seedy hypnotic droner designed to drain you down to the bone, for what? I don’t care what they say but it’s not in your best interest I guess that’s why you’ve been blessed by my lyrical rescue God damn this just might be the realest flow ever I mean by anyone anywhere I’m powerful beyond measure so throw out your gauges, I’m a lyrical sage spicing up the page with my rhymes like parsley rosemary and thyme every time, I’m the best, feel the zest of my citrusy rind my bad bitch is irresistibly fine if you saw her in person you would immediately jerk off until you went blind \*
2018.09.18 23:28 justaweenie What’s Going On In CT? 9/17-9/23
2018.09.13 22:05 justaweenie What’s Going On In CT? 9/10-9/16
2018.08.02 18:32 justaweenie What’s Going On In CT? 7/30-8/5
2018.04.18 20:48 alternate-source-bot [Banned] /r/The_Donald/: LA Times: Trump administration abandons crackdown on legal marijuana (x-post from r/MAGAjuana)
Trump administration abandons crackdown on legal marijuanaHere are some other articles about this story:
2018.04.15 13:10 alternate-source-bot [Banned] /r/nottheonion/: Is your waiter stoned? Pot use highest among restaurant workers, study finds
2018.04.15 00:11 alternate-source-bot [Banned] /r/SandersForPresident/: Cynthia Nixon Welcomes the Democratic Establishment’s Hatred in Speech to Progressives
2018.04.14 18:35 alternate-source-bot [Banned] /r/WayOfTheBern/: Cynthia Nixon Welcomes the Democratic Establishment’s Hatred in Speech to Progressives
2018.04.14 07:44 alternate-source-bot [Banned] /r/Kossacks_for_Sanders/: Cynthia Nixon Welcomes Corporate Dems’ Hatred in Speech to Berniecrats Intercept
Cynthia Nixon Welcomes the Democratic Establishment’s Hatred in Speech to ProgressivesHere are some other articles about this story: